Facts on Germany

Located in the heart of Europe, Germany - in German: Deutschland (Bundesrepublik Deutschland / Federal Republic of Germany) - is made up of the North German Plain (Nordseeküste and Ostseeküste), the Central German Uplands (Mittelgebirge), and the Southern German Highlands.

The Bavarian plateau in the southwest averages 1,600 ft (488 m) above sea level, but it reaches 9,721 ft (2,962 m) in the highest point in the country (the Zugspitze Mountain). Germany's major rivers are the Danube, the Elbe, the Oder, the Weser, and the Rhine. Germany is about the size of Montana (e.g. 356,733 sq km). Germany borders the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France on the west, Switzerland and Austria on the south, the Czech Republic and Poland on the east, Denmark on the north, and the Baltic Sea on the northeast.

Life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2003):76.0/82.0
Healthy life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2002):69.6/74.0
Child mortality m/f (per 1000, 2003):5/4
Adult mortality m/f (per 1000, 2003):115/59
Total health expenditure per capita (Intl $, 2002):2,817
Total health expenditure as % of GDP (2002):10.9
Population growth rate (2003):0.04 %
Birth rate (2003):8.6 births / 1,000 population
Death rate (2003):10.34 deaths / 1,000 population
Total fertility rate (2003):1.37 children born/woman

The total population is 82,476,000, GDP per capita (Intl $, 2002): 25,842 The official capital and largest city is Berlin, but many administrative functions are still carried on in Bonn, the former capital of West Germany.

The German health care system has the reputation of being one of the best in the world. Medical facilities are equipped with the latest technology, an extensive network of hospitals and doctors covers even the remotest areas of Germany. But Germany's health system is a troubled soul. Latest reforms reduced some of the benefits of Germany's generous social welfare system, including national health insurance and unemployment compensation.

FR, 2005/11/04

WHO Rescources on Germany:
Home-based long-term care / Numbers of people requiring daily care
Disease outbreaks
Life tables

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